Research Supporting Play-Based and Parent-Implemented Interventions

Research strongly suggests that child-centered, relationship-based intervention is very effective in helping young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) gain language and social skills. Below is a list of supporting research evidence for play-based and parent-implemented interventions.

  • Casenhiser D, Shanker SG, Stieben J. (2011) Learning Through Social Interactions in Children with Autism: Preliminary Data from a Social-Communications-Based Intervention. Autism 26 Sept: 1-22.
  • Dawson, G., Rogers, S., et al. (2010) RCT of an Intervention for Toddlers with Autism: The Early Start Denver Model. Pediatrics, 125(1).
  • Green, J., Charman, T., McConachie, H. et al Parent-mediated communication-focused treatment in children with autism (PACT): a randomized controlled trial. Lancet Online May 21, 2010.
  • Greenspan, S.I., and Wieder, S. “Developmental Patterns and Outcomes in Infants and Children with Disorders in Relating and Communication: A Chart Review of 200 Cases of Children with Autistic Spectrum Disorders”.  The Journal of Developmental and Learning Disorders, Volume 1, No. 1 (1997b):87-141.
  • Ingersoll, Brooke, A. Dvortcsak, C. Whalen, and D. Sikora. (2005) “The Effects of a Developmental, Social-Pragmatic Language Intervention on Rate of Expressive Language Production in Young Children With Autistic Spectrum Disorders.” Focus of Autism and Other Developmental Disorders 20(4), 213-222.
  • Kasari C, Gulsrud AC, Wong C, Kwon S and Locke J (2010) Randomized controlled caregiver mediated joint engagement intervention for toddlers with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders 40(9): 1045–1056.
  • Kasari, C., Paparella, T., Freeman, S., & Jahromi, L.B. (2008). Language outcome in autism: randomized comparison of joint attention and play interventions. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 76(1), 125-137.
  • Landa, R.J., Holman, K.C., O’Neill, A.H., Stuart, E.A. (2011) Intevention targeting development of socially synchronous engagement in toddlers with autism spectrum disorder: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. 52:1, pp 13-21.
  • Krebs Seida, J., Ospina, M., Karkhaneh, M., Hartling, L., Smith, V., Clark, B. (2009).
  • Systemic reviews of psychosocial interventions for autism: An umbrella review, Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology, 51: 95-104.
  • Mahoney G and Perales F (2003) Using relationship-focused intervention to enhance the social emotional functioning of young children with autism spectrum disorders. Topics in Early Childhood Special Education 23(2): 74–86.
  • Mahoney, G., and F. Perales. (2005) “Relationship-focused early intervention with children with pervasive developmental disorders and other disabilities: a comparative study.” Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics 26(2): 77-85.
  • McConachie H., V. Randle, D. Hammal, and A. Le Couteur. “A controlled trial of a training course for parents of children with suspected autism spectrum disorder.” Journal of Pediatrics 147, (2005): 335-340.
  • Ospina, M., Krebs Seida, J., Clark, B., Karkhaneh, M., Hartling, L., Tjosvold, L., Vandermeer, B., Smith, V. (2008) Behavioural and Developmental Interventions for Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Clinical Systematic Review, PLoS ONE 3(11): e3755. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0003755.
  • Pajareya, K., Nopmaneejumruslers, K. (2011) A pilot RCT of DIR/Floortime parent training intervention for pre-school children with ASD. Autism, 15(2),1-15.
  • Prizant BM and Wetherby AM (1998) Understanding the continuum of discrete-trial traditional behavioral to social-pragmatic developmental approaches to communication enhancement for young children with autism/PDD. Seminars in Speech and Language 19:329–353.
  • Reichow B., Volkmar, Cicchetti, 2008 Development of the Evaluative Method for Evaluating and Determining Evidence-Based Practices in Autism J Autism Dev Disord 38:1311.
  • Seida, Ospina, Karkhaneh, Hartling, Smith, and Clark. Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology, (2009), 51.95-104 Systematic reviews of psychosocial interventions for autism: an umbrella review.
  • Siller, M., & Sigman M. (2002). The behaviors of parents of children with autism predict the subsequent development of their children’s communication. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 32(2), 77-89.
  • Solomon, R., J.  Necheles, C. Ferch, and D. Bruckman. “Pilot study of a parent training program for young children with autism: The PLAY Project Home Consultation program.”  Autism 11, no. 3 (2007) 205-224.